Who Are The Watchers
The term watcher is used in Enoch and the bible, specifically in the book of Daniel. In Daniel, the watchers are also called holy ones as well and seem to be able to pronounce judgment on man as well as make decrees. There is a similarity to the words used that would tie watchers into the assembly or divine council found elsewhere in the Bible as in Psalm 82. And thus by the book of Daniel, we know that there are two classes of watchers, the holy ones, and the fallen ones. The term “watchers”, is also tied to the phrase “Sons of God” in Genesis chapter 6 which is defiantly a divine council idea.
The Watchers from the Aramaic עִיר ʿiyr, plural עִירִין ʿiyrin, Theodotian trans: ir; from the Hebrew root. ʿer, 1SDA Commentary on Daniel & 1980 reprint, pp. 789, 780 “awake, watchful” Greek: ἐγρήγοροι, transl.: egrḗgoroi; “Watchers”, “those who are awake”; “guard”, 2“watcher””Strong’s H5894”. Blueletterbible.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03. In the Book of Daniel 4:13, 17, 23 (ESV) there are three references to the class of “watcher, Holy One”. Watcher, Aramaic `iyr; holy one, Aramaic qaddiysh.
The Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar had a dream in which “a watcher, a holy one come down from heaven”. This watcher made a declaration that King Nebuchadnezzar would become mad and eat grass like a cow. Even though it is assumed (by way of divine counsel) that this is a punishment from God, the text says.3 And because the king saw a watcher, a holy one, coming down from heaven and saying, ‘Chop down the tree and destroy it, but leave the stump of its roots in the earth, bound with a band of iron and bronze, in the tender grass of the field, and let him be wet with the dew of heaven, and let his portion be with the beasts of the field, till seven periods of time pass over him,’ this is the interpretation, O king: It is a decree of the Most High, which has come upon my lord the king, that you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. You shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and you shall be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, till you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will. That this punishment is “by the decree of the watchers, the demand by the word of the holy ones”. So that “the living may know that the Most High (“Elyon”) rules in the kingdom of men.”
The First Book Of Enoch
Our focus will be on what is known as the first book of Enoch, The first book of Enoch believed written during the Second Temple period around 300–200 BC. There are two other books of much later date named “Enoch” which are referred to as 2 Enoch, surviving only in Old Slavonic (Eng. trans. by R. H. Charles 1896) and 3 Enoch (surviving in Hebrew, c. 5th to 6th century CE). But 1 Enoch will be our focus. The Book of Enoch is actually several writings or smaller books. The older sections (mainly in the Book of the Watchers) of the text are estimated to date from about 300–200 BC, and the latest part (Book of Parables) probably to 100 BC.
1When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose. 3 Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” 4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men4Gibborim (from the singular גִּבֹּר, גִּבּוֹר gibbor) is a Hebrew word that can be translated “mightiest” which is an intensive for gabar (גּבר) that can be translated “mighty”. Many times it is used of people who are valiant, mighty, or of great stature. There is some confusion about Gibborim as a class of beings because of its use in Genesis 6:4, which describes the Nephilim as mighty (gibborim). who were of old, the men of renown.
1 Enoch 6:1-8
1. And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto them beautiful and comely daughters.
2. And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: ‘Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us, children.’
3. And Semjâzâ, who was their leader, said unto them: ‘I fear ye will not indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.’
4. And they all answered him and said: ‘Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations not to abandon this plan but to do this thing.’
5. Then sware they all together and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.
6. And they were in all two hundred; who descended ⌈in the days⌉ of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon because they had sworn and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.
7. And these are the names of their leaders: Sêmîazâz, their leader, Arâkîba, Râmêêl, Kôkabîêl, Tâmîêl, Râmîêl, Dânêl, Êzêqêêl, Barâqîjâl, Asâêl, Armârôs, Batârêl, Anânêl, Zaqîêl, Samsâpêêl, Satarêl, Tûrêl, Jômjâêl, Sariêl.
8. These are their chiefs of tens.1 Enoch 6:1-8
Enoch, Genesis and The Epic Of Gilgamesh
Genesis 6:1–4 is a polemic; which is literary and theological warfare to undermine the gods of Mesopotamia and their religion. Biblical writers do this often, as in the creation story (Genisis chapter 1) which undermines the Egyptian creation story. The writers of the Hebrew texts would take lines and motifs of their neighbor’s writings and retail the story based on their theology and religious world view and show contempt for other gods.
Genesis 6:1–4 Does just this in its attack of the Mesopotamian flood myths, in which anyone who has read any of these flood myths would recognize the similarities to the Hebrew account. The Mesopotamian flood myths have a boat that saves animals and humans and includes a group of sages called Apkallus. The Apkallu were possessors of great knowledge and were divine beings. but after the flood they were of human descent, being 1/3 man and 2/3 Apkallu, for they had mated with human women who had given them children.
Gilgamesh The Giant
This brings Gilgamesh into the picture. Gilgamesh was considered a giant who retained preflood knowledge and was said to be 2/3 divine. 5See Andrew George, The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic: Introduction, Critical Edition and Cuneiform Texts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003); 6“The Gilgamesh Epic at Ugarit,” Aula Orientalis 25 (2007): 237–54 The relevant lines in the Gilgamesh Epic are tablet 1, lines 8, 48. In the Mesopotamian flood story found in a text called the Erra Epic, the Babylonian high god Marduk punishes the evil Apkallus with banishment to the Apsu or underworld. Marduk commanded that they never come up again. The banishment of these divine beings beneath the earth is significant. This is also echoed in 2 Peter and in Jude and is not found anywhere in the old testament, but this means the writers must have understood the connection between Gen. 6 and the Mesopotamian stories.
Sons of The Watchers
The offspring of the Watchers (sons of God) in 1 Enoch were giants (1 Enoch 7). Some fragments of 1 Enoch among the Dead Sea Scrolls give names for some of the giants. Other texts that retell the story and are thus related to 1 Enoch do the same. The most startling of these is known today by scholars as The Book of Giants which is very fragmented but several names can be read. Among them is the name Gilgamesh, the main character of Epic of Gilgamesh
We really need to get this word translated correctly, There was a guy out there who wrote some books, he called himself a researcher and claimed to be able to read, biblical Hebrew, Aramaic, Sumerian, and Akkadian. He translated Nephilim as “the fallen ones” or “to fall upon”, The
word Nephilim occurs twice in the Hebrew Bible (Gen 6:4; Num 13:33).
In both cases, the Septuagint translated the term with Gigas (“giant”). The reason why most people do not want to translate Nephilim as a giant is from the erroneous assumption that it is derived from the Hebrew verb n-p-l (naphal, “to fall”). In reality, it doesn’t matter whether “fallen ones” is the translation. In both the Mesopotamian context and the context of later Second Temple Jewish thought, their fathers are divine and the Nephilim (however translated) is still described as giants.
The Fallen vs Giants
However, The spelling Nephilim in the text points us to the root of the word.
Nephilim is spelled two different ways in the Hebrew Bible: Nephilim and Nephiylim. The difference between them is the “y” in the second spelling. Hebrew originally had no vowels. All words were written with consonants only.
As time went on, Hebrew scribes started to use some of the consonants to mark long vowel sounds. English does this with the “y” consonant sometimes using it a vowel. Hebrew does that with its “y” letter, too.
The spelling (Nephiylim) tells us that the root behind the term had a
long-i (y) in it before the plural ending (-im) was added. That in turn helps us determine that the word does not mean “those who fall.” If that were the case, the word would have been spelled nophelim. A translation of “fallen” from the verb naphal is also weakened by the “y” spelling form. If the word came from the verb naphal, we’d expect a spelling of nephulim for “fallen”.
But It Means Giants
We know that the Hebrew writers had Giants in mind because elsewhere the Hebrew writers speak of them, and made the connection to them in the term Anakim giants (Num 13:33; Deut 2–3), and the fact that the Septuagint translators interpreted the word as “giants.” So how do we get the translation from nephiylim? If you will remember, the Hebrews were taken away into Babylon as slaves, it is in Babylon where the Hebrews learned Aramaic, and they brought that language back to Judea.
The point of Genesis 6:1–4 was to express contempt for the divine Mesopotamian apkallus and their giant offspring. They had to tie the divine beings of Mesopotamia to their own beliefs, in which they had the phrase for these divine beings called (sons of God) and elsewhere in the scriptures they had divine beings called demons (shedim), but they did not have a word to describe the offspring of divine beings, so they adopted an Aramaic noun, naphiyla—which means “giant.” When you import that word and pluralize it for Hebrew, you get nephiylim, just what we see in Numbers 13:33. This is the only explanation for the meaning of the word that accounts for all the contexts and all the details.
Those who fell from heaven?
Lastly, to those who still hold on to that guy who wrote a few books and claimed to be an ancient language expert claiming the Nephilim were “those who fell from heaven” to make it appear that the Nephilim, sons of God and Annunaki were the same, I want to point out one page in one of his books named stairway to heaven he writes: “But as we examine the Hebrew original, we find it does not say ‘watchers’; it says ‘Nephilim’.” The quotation shows that Sitchin did not know the Qumran text was written in Aramaic, not Hebrew, and he also mistranslated it, for the word “Watchers” is actually in the text.
The Sin Of The Watchers
The sin of the watchers is not just one sin, it is easy to oversimplify their sin was coming down and taking human wives, but it goes deeper than that. The watchers were supposed to have been watching over mankind, but these 200 watchers decided to commit several sins. First being they left their posts and took on fleshly bodies (Jude 1:6 And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority but left their proper dwelling,)
They were divine in nature, Sons of God, their second sin was trying to imitate God. They wanted to raise nations for themselves, to have sons, and to have their sons inherit the earth. This was an open revolt against God and is the second revolt, the first being the divine being called Ha’ Nachash. “The Serpent” in the Garden of Eden who revolted and led man to revolt as well.
Teaching Sin On A Grand Scale
But the watcher’s sins didn’t stop there. Once these fallen sons of God had taken themselves wives they began to teach them those things that were hidden only known to the divine. They thought their wives and children secret arts such as magical medicine, incantations, and knowledge of plants and herbs. AZAZEL teaches the art of making weapons of war, jewelry, and cosmetics, and dye-making, and alchemy. Amasras teaches plant lore and how to perform magic. Baraqiyal teaches astrology, Kokarerel teaches the zodiac, Tamel teaches about the stars, and Asderel teaches about the Moon and the deception of humans. In other words, The watchers taught man how to sin on a grand scale!
If this wasn’t enough, the watchers, the fathers of the Nephilim also sinned against the beats, fish, and fowl. Possibly the origin of the chimera? The Book of Enoch states. And the children of the watchers turned on mankind and began devouring flesh and drinking the blood. And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much blood being shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. And they said one to another: ‘The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of their cryings up to the gates of heaven. And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men make their suit, saying, “Bring our cause before the Most High (Elyon)!”
AZAZEL Watcher Or One Of The Nephilim?
The book of Enoch names the leader of the watchers as Samlazaz, and he leads these chiefs of the watchers, Araklba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel, Ramlel, Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal, Asael, Armaros, Batarel, Ananel, Zaqiel, Samsapeel, Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel. These are their chiefs of tens. Not counting Samlaza also called Shemyaza that gives eighteen subordinates who are leaders of 10 which would be 180. But we are told 200 in total came down, so if we give Samyaza 10 also we have 190. For this reason, most believe Azazel is also a leader of 10 giving us 19 leaders of 10 plus Samyaza and his 10. Out of all of these, it is Azazel who commits the worse sins, when the sins of the watchers are communicated all of them are accused of fornication with women, except for Azazel.
This leads me to believe he might not be one of the watchers, but possibly a son of one of the watchers instead. While the watchers are made to watch the destruction of their children, Azazel’s punishment is immediate and severe.
And again the Lord said to Raphael: ‘Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening in the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there forever, and cover his face that he may not see light. And on the day of the great judgment, he shall be cast into the fire…And the whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.
Azazel’s punishment is extreme, but let’s look at it in context with other parts of scripture. God said let all man’s sins be ascribed to Azazel, which is why twp goats are used at the Yum Kipper sacrifice. One is chosen for the lord, the other to Azazel, the priest places the sins of Israel on Azazel, (the scapegoat) and the goat is lead into the wilderness and thrown off a cliff to its death. And Azazel is to be let loose in the last days to be thrown into the fire. This is reminiscent of revelation 20:10
and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and “ever.
This has three divine or supernatural entities mentioned. The Devil, The Beast, and the False Prophet, all thrown into the fire.
Totally My View
Here is where I will depart from every theologian, scholar, Bible student, and those famous booksellers. I don’t believe Azazel was one of the watchers, I believe he was a son of one of the watchers. The name “Shemyaza” means “the name has been seen,” “he sees the name,” or “I have seen the name”, and a lot of people recognize Samael (Hebrew: סַמָּאֵל Sammāʾēl, “Venom of God”, “Poison of God”, or “Blindness of God”; Arabic: سمسمائيل Samsama’il or سمائل Samail) as the archangel who is the accuser (Ha-Satan), a seducer, and destroyer. So I believe one of two things happened here. Many times personas in the bible get a name change because of an act, or because something has happened. Jacob became Israel, Abram became Abraham, and so forth.
Samael As The Nacasg
I believe Samael was the nachash (serpent) in the garden, his name Venum of god would be appropriate. But nachash has two other meanings and is a triple entendre. As a noun it means serpent, but as a verb it means deceiver, and as an adjective, it means to shine. So the serpent is a deceiver, and a “shining one”, and is related to seraph or the seraphim. For instance, But when the LORD said unto Moses, ‘Make thee a fiery serpent’ (Num.21:8). He said, ‘Make thee a Saraph ‘, and in obeying this command, we read in verse 9. ‘Moses made a Nachash of brass’. Nachash is thus used as being interchangeable with Saraph.
So I believe yes, the serpent is the devil in the book of revelation. Thus making Azazel, the promised seed of the devil that old serpent. Azazel, the false messiah, the antichrist who will rise form the pit, where the angel Raphael imprisoned him. The beast is a nation, a system, and a person, a son of the watchers. Samael is Shemyaza. Or the only other possibility is that Shemyaza is Ha Shatan, the devil. Placed in prison for leading a revolt against heaven, but in any case, Azazel is his son.
The Last Sin Of The Watchers
The watchers asked Enoch to write a petition for them and to take it before god. But God said to Enoch, “say to the Watchers of heaven, who have sent thee to intercede for them: “
You should intercede” for men, and not men for you: Wherefore have ye left the high, holy, and eternal heaven, and lain with women, and defiled yourselves with the daughters of men and taken to yourselves wives, and done like the children of earth, and begotten giants (as your) sons? And though ye were holy, spiritual, living the eternal life, you have defiled yourselves with the blood of women, and have begotten (children) with the blood of flesh, and, as the children of men have lusted after flesh and blood as those also do who die and perish. Therefore have I given them wives also that they might impregnate them, and beget children by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth.
But you were formerly spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world. And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling. And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called.
As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling. And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless hunger and thirst, and cause offenses. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women because they have proceeded from them.First Book of Enoch
Demons And Evil Spirits
So from the dead sons of the watchers, the Nephilim have created the demons and evil spirits on earth. Because they were both eternal in nature, and earthly God denied the watchers who came down on mount Hermon and their “bastard sons” to ascend into heaven and be bound to earth. Now let me attempt to connect the watchers to two other words you may have heard, Anunna, and the Igigi.
The Igigi The name has an unknown origin. The signs for the names and one of the options for the etymology of the Igigi are i2-gi3-gi3. Which are the same signs for 5-1-1 or 5-60-60 5*(60+60)=600 which are by some traditions All the gods. Another option is to try to interpret the words themselves. Igi means (eye) in the Sumerian language, and is used as a logogram in the Akkadian language, gi stands for (penetrate sexually). 7The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary,
Eye In The Sky
Therefore, Igigi could be translated to (Eye in the sky, the watchers, who deflower). This would imply that all the Igigi, which by some accounts are all the gods of Mesopotamia are in fact the watchers. Now, what about Anunna? In a lot of the cuneiform inscription they use the word Annuna/Anunna, or Annunaki/Anunnaki, That guy I mentioned before who wrote a lot of books claiming to be an ancient language expert, well he says it means “from heaven to earth came”, Well, that’s a complete no.
While most scholars translate this as “of royal blood” or “princely blood”. I believe they translate it this way to hide another translation. While how they translate it is a correct interpretation. As the Mesopotamian god, An or the Akkadian Anu can be translated king and the word na as children, (Anun-na) “royal blood. It can be also interpreted as Anu which means heaven. And Anun-na would mean “children of heaven” just as it is written in the book of Enoch “the watchers, the Children of Heaven”. Many times it is written as Anun-na-ki, which would further translate as “children of Heaven ‘and/in/on/of Earth”, And could refer to either the watchers or their offspring being part heavenly and part earthly.
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- 1SDA Commentary on Daniel & 1980 reprint, pp. 789, 780
- 2“watcher””Strong’s H5894”. Blueletterbible.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- 3And because the king saw a watcher, a holy one, coming down from heaven and saying, ‘Chop down the tree and destroy it, but leave the stump of its roots in the earth, bound with a band of iron and bronze, in the tender grass of the field, and let him be wet with the dew of heaven, and let his portion be with the beasts of the field, till seven periods of time pass over him,’ this is the interpretation, O king: It is a decree of the Most High, which has come upon my lord the king, that you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. You shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and you shall be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, till you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will.
- 4Gibborim (from the singular גִּבֹּר, גִּבּוֹר gibbor) is a Hebrew word that can be translated “mightiest” which is an intensive for gabar (גּבר) that can be translated “mighty”. Many times it is used of people who are valiant, mighty, or of great stature. There is some confusion about Gibborim as a class of beings because of its use in Genesis 6:4, which describes the Nephilim as mighty (gibborim).
- 5See Andrew George, The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic: Introduction, Critical Edition and Cuneiform Texts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003);
- 6“The Gilgamesh Epic at Ugarit,” Aula Orientalis 25 (2007): 237–54 The relevant lines in the Gilgamesh Epic are tablet 1, lines 8, 48. In the Mesopotamian flood story found in a text called the Erra Epic, the Babylonian high god Marduk punishes the evil Apkallus with banishment to the Apsu or underworld
- 7The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary,