The White Horseman of Revalations

The White Horseman of Revalations

Prophetic Book of Revelations
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The White Horseman of Revalations

Who Is The White Horseman

Ancient Hebrew Concepts

The White Horseman
Artistic Depiction of The White Horseman

In the Ancient Near East nations like those in Cannan, and Mesopotamian had what is referred to as a divine council, Israel was not an exception. This concept was lost to us over the centuries of western dominated thinking and forcing our western mindset definitions to Ancient Near East (ANE) concepts. Ancient nations like Babylon, Sumer, and Canaanites were polytheistic in practices, worshiping many gods in a pantheon with one god supreme over the other gods. And in these settings, it was the superior god, usually the sun god who held court with the other gods to decide the fate of man and other important matters. The ancient Israelites also had a divine council with a few differences, ancient Israel was Monolatry.

Monolatry means the belief in many gods but only worship one. For the ancient Israelite, they didn’t deny other gods existed like our monotheistic view today, neither does their bible purport there is only one God. Verses like Isaiah 45:5I am the LORD, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me,” is not a declaration of no other god exists, but is saying, I am YHWH, there is no other like me, and I alone will be your God, I alone sustain you, and yet you do not know me. Exodus 20:3 “You shall have no other gods before me.” is far from YHWH saying there are no other gods, he is saying you shall not worship any of these other Gods because he is their God that brought them out of Egypt, And he even says “I will execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt, for I am the LORD!” So, how do you judge something that doesn’t exist, If God says he is greater than something that doesn’t exist then in reality, so am I.

I wanted to share this concept with you so you will understand where I am taking this, these horsemen are ancient deities that YHWH uses and controls. Yes, you heard me right, and there are many instances in the Hebrew Bible, (Old Testament) where God does this. However it would be difficult for most people to find this as it is hidden by translation, many of the ancient deities’ names have been translated into common nouns instead of their original names. We will uncover the name of these spirits, which the bible calls by several titles, like Elohim and sometimes as bene Elohim meaning “sons of God”. Most of you are no doubt shocked right now, saying Hold on I thought Elohim was a name for God!, It is not a name, but a title, and yes God is called Elohim, and yes Elohim is translated usually as “god”. This is the sticking point, when modern westerners see the word GOD they tend to ascribe meanings to that word, like omnipotence, omnipresent, omnipotent but this is not the case for the ancient Israelite. Elohim is a class of being, it is a being of the spirit world and that’s the only definition it has, they gave meaning to the name, It isn’t the word Elohim they ascribe properties to, but to YHWH.

Elohim Meaning

The word Elohim can be singular or plural depending on the verb like the English word deer. The translations today also do a good job at hiding this from us as well. The best example of this is Psalms 82, the verse Jesus quoted which everyone misunderstands. The way modern translations have it almost sounds like the psalmist and Jesus are saying that men are gods. But here is what the Hebrew actually says here: אֱלֹהִים, נִצָּב בַּעֲדַת-אֵל; בְּקֶרֶב אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁפֹּט. “God stands in the congregation of God In the midst of the Gods he judges. literal Elohim stands in the congregation of El in the midst of the Elohim he judges.

So who and from where did these other Elohim come from? Deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he divided mankind, he fixed the borders of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God. The Most High or Elyon, divided the nations (70 or 72 depending on the source) amongst the Sons of God, they were to guide the nations back to YHWH but these sons began to accept worship for themselves, and in psalms, 82 YHWH pronounced judgment on them, The judgment was they would die, just like a man. So these other Elohim, and sons of God are fallen divine beings, that rebelled, but YHWH who is the master of the assembly still has authority over them and uses them from time to time to punish not only Israel but the nations as well, And the horsemen have ridden before, and they are scheduled to ride again, however, I believe they have been riding since 33AD.

The White Horseman

The White Horseman Apollo
Apollo The God of Plagues and Arrows

The rider on the white horse, the white horseman is not given a ruler’s crown greek Diadem, but a “Stephanos” which is a victors crown. A Stephanos is a wreath crown usually of laurel leaves that were given to military victors or athletes. This is an important hint to the identity of the white horseman because some try to identify this white horseman as the Christ being victorious and his gospel spreading throughout the world but it is not for several reasons. In Revelation 19:12 The Christ is depicted with not a Stephanos, but with many diadems; 12 His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. ESV. He is also given a bow (greek toxon where the word toxin is derived), so we can see this Elohim or spirit is an archer deity who is seen as a conqueror. Even the word for bow, “toxon” is a clue, this word is used for an archer whose arrows are poisoned. So even within this word, we find a clue, poison arrows.

The invention of archery itself is credited to Apollo and his sister Artemis. Apollo is usually described as carrying a golden bow and a quiver of silver arrows and is associated with the Mesopotamian god Nergal. Many may knows Appolo as a god of prophecy and healing, but there was a darker side to Apollo. The Greeks most often associated Apollo’s name with the Greek verb ἀπόλλυμι (apollymi), “to destroy”1Mike Campbell. “Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Apollo”. Behind the Name, which I believe also links him as a gatekeeper and the entity John calls Apollyon, “The destroyer” as a play on words with the name Apollo.

Anatolian Connection

While the etymology of the name Apollo is not certain, many different links have been made, we know that the Greeks did not inherit their beliefs and religion from the Proto Indo Europeans (PIE) as once thought, but developed from the ancient near east. One non-greek etymology that I have found and believe to be true as it also fits with Nergal is the Hittite form Apaliunas (dx-ap-pa-li-u-na-aš) is attested in the Manapa-Tarhunta letter,2The reading of Apaliunas and the possible identification with Apollo is due to Emil Forrer (1931). It was doubted by Kretschmer, Glotta XXIV, p. 250. Martin Nilsson (1967), Vol I, p. 559 perhaps related to Hurrian (and certainly the Etruscan) Aplu, a god of plague, in turn, likely from Akkadian Aplu Enlil meaning simply “the son of Enlil“, a title that was given to the god Nergal, who was linked to Shamash, Babylonian god of the sun 3de Grummond, Nancy Thomson (2006) Etruscan Myth, Sacred History, and Legend. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology); Mackenzie, Donald A. (2005) Myths of Babylonia and Assyria (Gutenberg).

The name of Apollo’s mother Leto has Lydian origin, and she was worshipped on the coasts of Asia Minor. The inspiration oracular cult was probably introduced into Greece from Anatolia, which is the origin of Sibyl, and where some of the oldest oracular shrines originated. Omens, symbols, purifications, and exorcisms appear in old Assyro-Babylonian texts. These rituals were spread into the empire of the Hittites, and from there into Greece 4Martin Nilsson. Die Geschichte der Griechische Religion Vol I, pp. 563–564

God of Plagues

Apollo The White Horseman
Apollo And His Four Horses And Chariot

Apollo as a plague god is attested in the invocation of Apollo Smintheus meaning “mouse Apollo” by the trojan priest Chryses. The invocation was to send a plague on the greeks, he reasoned that the god of healing plague is also responsible for the bringing of plague and that the same must be appeased in order to remove the plague. In the Iliad, Apollo is the healer under the gods, but he is also the bringer of disease and death with his arrows, similar to the function of the Vedic god of disease Rudra. He sends a plague (λοιμός) to the Achaeans. Knowing that Apollo can prevent a recurrence of the plague he sent, they purify themselves in a ritual and offer him a large sacrifice of cows, called a hecatomb.

Biblical Connection

So now, the question, could John tie this greek-roman entity to his own Hebrew ideology? The Canaanite deity Resheph (also Reshef and many other variants; Phoenician: 𐤓‬𐤔‬𐤐‬, ršp; Eblaite Rašap, Egyptian ršpw) was a deity associated with plague (or a personification of plague), either war or strong protection, and sometimes thunder in ancient Canaanite religion. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite god was then more famously adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late fifteenth century BC), also becoming associated with horses and chariots5Christiane Zivie-Coche , “Foreign Deities in Egypt”, UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology p 6 – “Reshep | Ancient Egypt Online”. – “Egyptian Gods: Resheph”. egyptian-gods.org. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף‎ Resheph is a noun interpreted as “flame, lightning” but also “burning fever, plague, pestilence”6רֶשֶׁף in Gesenius, Hebrew Lexicon. and is most likely what John was tracking on.

Resheph is also a keeper of the underworld, or a gatekeeper, also known as a Psychopomp which is a guide of souls to the place of the dead. Resheph is also associated with archers and his arrows of plague. Many people have probably never heard of this Elohim or god named Resheph or Reshef even though he is mentioned many times in the bible, however, his name has been disguised as the common noun plague, however even translated as plague it should be capitalized as a proper noun and name of a spiritual entity. The translates of the bible seem to be afraid to let its readers know that its texts mention many other gods.

Resheph, The White Horseman of the Apocalypse
Egyptian limestone stele depicting Qetesh standing on a lion and wearing the headdress of Hathor, flanked by Min (left) and Resheph (right)

In Habakkuk 3:5, describing the procession of Eloah (The singular form of Elohim) (אֱל֙וֹהַ֙‎) from Teman and Mount Paran, mentions deber (God of Pestilence) and resheph God of Plagues) as going before him, in the King James Version translated as “pestilence” and “burning coals”. Due to the discovery of both deber and resheph as theonyms in Ebla, this passage has been reinterpreted as describing a procession of the retinue of El going to war with Yam. In Job 5:7, there is mention of the “sons of resheph”, translated in the Septuagint as νεοσσοὶ δὲ γυπὸς, “the young of the vulture”, and in the King James Version as “sparks”. But it is important to notice here that El or Eloh sends these other minor gods out before him. In the ancient near east, it was common in many of the nations that their war god or supreme god to always have one or two subservient gods go out with him as his lieutenants, and even here in the Hebrew text we see the God El, later identified with YHWH go out to do battle, and he sends his lieutenants out before him, another reason el or YHWH is called the Lord of “hosts” (Armies) and he commands all of the other gods. Also, the name resheph is sometimes mentioned in the plural form Reshephim, so there may be even more than one, so this may also be a type of entity.

More On Nergal

As said before, he is associated with Apollo and plague, but he is also considered a god of the underworld and is the head of the underworld pantheon ruling over the dead. Ordinarily, Nergal pairs with his consort Laz. Standard iconography pictured Nergal as a lion This I believe also ties him with Apollyon. Nergal has epithets such as the “raging king”, the “furious one”, and the like. A play upon his name—separated into three elements as Ne-uru-gal (light of the great Ûru;7Clay, Albert T. (1 March 2014). Amurru: The Home of the Northern Semites. Wipf and Stock Publishers. lord of the great dwelling)—expresses his position at the head of the nether-world pantheon, and there is some overlapping with the god Ninurta.

Ninurta (Sumerian: 𒀭𒊩𒌆𒅁: DNIN.URTA, themeaning of this name not known), also known as Ninĝirsu (Sumerian: 𒀭𒊩𒌆𒄈𒋢: DNIN.ĜIR2.SU, meaning “Lord of Girsu”) was associated with farming, healing, hunting, law, scribes, and war who was first worshipped in early Sumer. In the earliest records, he is a god of agriculture and healing, who releases humans from sickness and the power of demons. In later times, as Mesopotamia grew more militarized, he became a warrior deity, though he retained many of his earlier agricultural attributes.

Ninurta is shown as a warrior, carrying a bow and arrow and clutching Sharur, his magic talking mace, in Babylonian art, he is often shown standing on the back of or riding a beast with the body of a lion and the tail of a scorpion. which again brings us to Apollyon and Apollo. Some of Apollo’s epithets and words associated with his name like Aegletes (/əˈɡliːtiːz/ ə-GLEE-teez; Αἰγλήτης, Aiglētēs), from αἴγλη, “light of the sun”, or Phanaeus (/fəˈniːəs/ fə-NEE-əs; Φαναῖος, Phanaios), literally “giving or bringing light”, one that is associated with healing, as well as one of the plagues sent on Egypt is Parnopius (/pɑːrˈnoʊpiəs/ par-NOH-pee-əs; Παρνόπιος, Parnopios), from πάρνοψ, “locust“.

So Lets examine the evidence, All were warrior gods, associated with archers, plague, all associated with horses or chariots, all are associated with the sun, now the iconography and attributes of these deities come together in one passage which mentions Apollyon (A play on the name Apollo) by name. Let me highlight the main texts, you can go read the whole chapter at your own convenience.

And out of the smoke, locusts descended on the earth, and they were given power like that of the scorpions of the earth.

Revelation 9:3

Here we have locus having the power of scorpions which alludes to the burning caused by scorpion poison, which I tie to the “Burning Arrows” of Resheph and the “flaming (also translated as firey or stinging) darts of the evil one” Ephesians 6:16

In appearance the locusts were like horses prepared for battle: on their heads were what looked like crowns of gold; their faces were like human faces,

Revelation 9:7

Here again the word translated as crown is stephanoi plural of stephonos and the verse ties these locus to horses.

their hair like women’s hair, and their teeth like lions’ teeth;

Revelation 9:8

Here we have women’s hair which has baffled many, The Greeks and Romans cut their hair short so why this allusion to long hair like a woman’s? When a child reached adulthood, his long hair was cut and offered to Apollo which is more times than not depicted not with short hair, but long hair. We also see the Lion, so what does this have to do with apollo? He is also, on occasion, portrayed riding a chariot pulled by lions, much like Nergal is depicted as a lion or riding on top of a lion, and ninurta so again this points to Apollo.

they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the noise of their wings was like the noise of many chariots with horses rushing into battle.

Revelation 9:9

Here we see the imagery of these entities as warriors charging into battle, we see the horse and chariot imagery of warfare and battle. Ninurta is often pictured with a set of wings, raised upright, ready to attack, all aspects of Apollo

They have tails and stings like scorpions, and their power to hurt people for five months is in their tails.

Revelation 9:10

And if we had any doubt, Ninurta, is often shown standing on the back of or riding a beast with the body of a lion and the tail of a scorpion.

Ninurta depicted with a tail of a scorpion or riding a beast like a lion with tail of a scorpion.

Now I will bring this all home with the next verse.

They have as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit. His name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek he is called Apollyon.

Revelation 9:11

Now some will argue that these cant be the same entity, that the horsemen come before the bottomless pit is opened, my answer to this is in two parts. First being, the book has an order, but it is not necessarily in sequential order, there may be overlapping, secondly, the verse does not imply that their king is also in the pit with them, if this entity is a gatekeeper it is not imprisoned. I would also mention that this rider of the white horse if he is the same as Apollyon was released already before the pit was opened for his army of 200,000,000 demons.

So in conclusion, The rider on the white horse is not the Christ, but the Anti Christ. Anti does not mean against, even though the antichrist may oppose the Christ, but it means in place of. This deity, entity, or Elohim came out to conquer the world spiritually, this is a spiritual battle, he means to take the place of Christ, and I say to you he has done that. The texts say that he deceives the world, that the world will follow him, and have they not? People keep looking into the distance for this figure, but he was released to conquer 2000 years ago, He was released right after christ ascended to heaven, and took the scroll. The Christ that is taught in the world today is not the same Christ of the bible, he has been replaced and nobody said a word. Today churches who call themself Christian are and have been for almost 2000 years have been tricked into worshiping Apollo, the son of Zeus/Enlil/Jupiter, they replaced the Son of God with the SUN of god. One of his names or epithets is helios, where we get the name halo.

We Took This

Helios-Apollo with the radiant halo of Helios in a Roman floor mosaic, El Djem, Tunisia, late 2nd century.

And Traded For This

Jesus with Helios radiant halo

The whole world has been deceived into following this false Christ who is the sun god worshiped on the day of the sun, we discarded our biblical text that warned us this will happen, and when presented with this truth we just dismiss it with phrases like, god knows our intent. Yes he does know your intent, you are willfully discarding truth for a lie. You have replaced the son of God with the Sun itself, you worship his birthday, December 25th even knowing this day has no place in Christianity, You follow his laws instead of the laws put forth in the book Christians hold as the core of their beliefs, so in conclusion I say, this rider has conquered you a long time ago.

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  • 1
    Mike Campbell. “Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Apollo”. Behind the Name
  • 2
    The reading of Apaliunas and the possible identification with Apollo is due to Emil Forrer (1931). It was doubted by Kretschmer, Glotta XXIV, p. 250. Martin Nilsson (1967), Vol I, p. 559
  • 3
    de Grummond, Nancy Thomson (2006) Etruscan Myth, Sacred History, and Legend. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology); Mackenzie, Donald A. (2005) Myths of Babylonia and Assyria (Gutenberg)
  • 4
    Martin Nilsson. Die Geschichte der Griechische Religion Vol I, pp. 563–564
  • 5
    Christiane Zivie-Coche , “Foreign Deities in Egypt”, UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology p 6 – “Reshep | Ancient Egypt Online”. – “Egyptian Gods: Resheph”. egyptian-gods.org
  • 6
    רֶשֶׁף in Gesenius, Hebrew Lexicon.
  • 7
    Clay, Albert T. (1 March 2014). Amurru: The Home of the Northern Semites. Wipf and Stock Publishers.

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